The word science has originated from the Latin word ‘scientia’ that translates to knowledge. The study of science is majorly concerned with the natural and physical world through analysis, observation, and experiments. Therefore, while pursuing higher education in any subject of the science discipline, students develop the ability to ask queries, collect information/data and put ideas to solve problems....
In the modern world, science is generally divided into three categories namely, formal sciences (computer science, statistics, mathematics, information science etc), natural sciences (including biology, chemistry, physics, etc), and social sciences (including economics, psychology, sociology, etc). On a broad level, these three categories incorporate a description of a phenomenon and the formulation of a hypothesis to explain it.
The Study in India partner institutes offers science courses across 3 program levels, namely - Undergraduate, Postgraduate, and PhD. The choice of the subject within each of these levels depends on students and eligibility set by different institutes.
1) Undergraduate (UG)
A bachelor’s degree in science is a full-time course with a duration of 3 years and students can pursue it after completing their 10+2.
2) Post-graduate (PG)
A master’s degree in science is a full-time course with a duration of 2 years and students can pursue it after completing their undergraduate degree in any subject of science.
PhD is a doctorate level degree and the students can pursue it after their post-graduation in the science discipline.
Please note, the eligibility for various courses under the science discipline differs across institutes. Therefore, before applying students can confirm the same through the Institute Search page.
Branches of Science:
Science discipline is vast when it comes to branches and a variety of options provided by Study in partner institutes are mentioned below.
However, some popular subject choices under the science discipline include:
In today’s time, mathematics is one of the most popular subject choices under the science discipline involving the study of quantity, shapes, order, quantitative calculations, and logical reasoning. There is no denying that mathematics as a subject is a building block for most of the things we access or use in our daily lives. Some of the specializations related to it are mathematical sciences, mathematics, applied statistics and informatics, mathematics and computing, etc.
Chemistry is the subject of science concerned with the study of properties, structure, and composition of matter. It involves the explanation of how different substances interact with other substances and how they undergo transformation. Some of the specializations related to it include chemical sciences, biochemistry, chemistry research, etc.
Physics is the subject under science discipline that involves the study of how gravitational, nuclear force and electromagnetic fields originated and how objects behave under the influence of different types of forces. In a nutshell, it incorporates the understanding of the inorganic world. Some of the specializations related to it include physical chemistry, physician assistant, physics research, medical physics, etc.
In simple terms, biology is the subject concerned with the study of life and structure, origin, evolution, growth as well as distribution of various living organisms. It helps to understand how living organisms function and interact on multiple levels. Some of the specializations related to it include bioscience, biotechnology, biomedical genetics, botany, zoology, microbiology, etc.
Nurses play an exemplary role in the healthcare sector because they take care of the patients. Students choosing nursing courses are trained in skills required of all the nurses such as how to administer medicines to the patients, decent bedside manners, and how to observe the patient’s response to medications.
Computer Science involves the study of data structures, algorithms, computers, network designs, hardware, and software. A few fundamentals of computer science are drawn from mathematics and engineering as well. Some of the specializations related to it include computer applications, computational science, computer technology, information technology, etc.
Geology is the subject involving the study of the structure of Earth, its constituent materials, and the organisms that have existed on the planet. The work of geologists revolves around understanding the history of Earth and then trying to estimate how events of the past could influence the future.
Environmental Science is concerned with understanding a wide range of topics such as alternative energies, pollution control, management of natural resources, and the effects of global climate change. Therefore, the main area of study revolves around the analysis of environmental problems and solutions.
Forensic Science, also called, is related to the study of applying scientific methods or processes to criminal or civil matters. The work of forensic scientists to find, preserve and investigate the scientific evidence during an ongoing investigation. Most of their work is done in laboratories but they might have to go to the crime scene to collect evidence.
Data Science is a fast-growing interdisciplinary subject field that focuses on data collection of data, concluding useful insight out of it and finally use for business growth. The subject curriculum generally consists of three fields of study namely, Big Data, Machine Learning, and Modelling in Data Science covering topics like business intelligence, data structures, mathematics, statistics, algorithms, etc.
Since there are many subjects of science discipline, students have a multitude of career options to pick from. Some of them are mentioned in the table below.
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