All the medicines or drugs undergo a series of tests, clinical trials, and approval before they are made available for public use. These are first tested in labs to evaluate the dosage or possible side effects and accordingly the prescription guidelines are formed. This entire process is connected to the field of pharmacy. So, it can be defined as a discipline that is closely linked with health science....
The scope of pharmacy goes beyond medicine dispensing and includes services related to healthcare too (such as providing information on drugs or reviewing medication, etc). The focus lies more on production, manufacturing, effective use and disposal of all kinds of drugs or medications. In addition to this, the practice pharmacy also involves:
the development of different types of medications,
improvement of the use of medicines,
and promotion of various health-related campaigns or awareness programs
In a nutshell, pharmacists have expertise in drug therapy and their primary work is to optimize the use of medicines for the betterment of patients.
The Study in India partner institutes offers a handful of pharmacy courses in 3 levels, namely - Undergraduate, Postgraduate, and PhD. The choice of courses depends on students and eligibility set by different institutes.
1) Undergraduate (UG)
A bachelor’s degree in pharmacy discipline is a full-time course with a duration of usually 4 years and students can pursue it after completing their 10+2 in the science stream.
2) Post-graduate (PG)
A master’s degree in pharmacy discipline is a full-time course with a duration of usually 2 years and the students can pursue it after completing their undergraduate degree in pharmacy.
PhD is a doctorate level degree and the students can pursue it after their post-graduation in pharmacy.
Please note, the eligibility and course duration under the pharmacy discipline differs across institutes. Therefore, before applying students can confirm every detail through the Institute Search page.
Branches of Pharmacy:
The branches provided by the Study in India partner institutes under the pharmacy discipline are mentioned in the table below.
However, some of the popular branch choices under pharmacy discipline include:
Pharmaceutics is the specialization that deals with the study of how new compounds are created and then converted into drugs that can be safely consumed by a patient. Furthermore, pharmaceutics is also concerned with the research and development of new dosage forms of existing medicines as well as new ways of dispensation in the patient’s body. In simple terms, this field of specialization is the processing of final medicine from pure compounds.
Pharmacy Practice incorporates the following areas:
Clinical Interventions: Wherein the pharmacists intervene on the use of medicines that cause problems in patients
Pharmaceutical Care: It is a type of medicine-based therapy practised on patients to cure specific symptoms of diseases
Communication Skills: Pharmacists working in this field are required to have decent communication skills as they have understood the ailment of the patients.
Patient Care: It is one of the pivotal aspects of pharmacy because patients must comply with their medicine prescription so as to recover soon.
The term pharmacology refers to the research of drug/medicine action. In general terms, it involves the study of the biochemical reaction between living organisms and chemical compounds. Furthermore, students opting for pharmacology specialization also learn about the process of delivering medicines and their effects on the human body.
Medicinal Chemistry plays an important role in the development of new medicines. It is a multidisciplinary field with a combination of topics from several subjects namely, organic chemistry, biology, and pharmacology. Therefore, students get to study the synthesis of potential medicines, their effect on metabolism, side effects on the human body, and healing properties.
Pharmaceutical biotechnology is a new field of pharmacy discipline involving the application of concepts of biotechnology to the synthesis of medicines. It is concerned with the use of DNA technology to manufacture medicines for treating diseases. Furthermore, several antibiotics, nucleic acid-based medicines, and vaccines sold at pharmacies are the result of pharmaceutical biotechnology.
After pursuing a degree in the field of pharmacy the students can choose from a mixed bag of career options. Some of them are mentioned in the table below.
Frequently Asked Questions:
1) Is optometry the right career for me?
The work of optometrists ranges from performing comprehensive eye assessment, providing prescriptions for glasses to diagnosis or treatment of eye-related issues. If you wish to start your optical shop/work in one or work in a multinational company providing authentic services and products related to eye care, then you may choose optometry as your career.
2) Duration of Optometry course?
The duration of optometry courses depends on different program levels. For undergraduate courses, it is 3-4 years, for post-graduate courses, it is 2 years and for doctorate courses, it ranges from 3-6 years.
3) Is the Doctor of Optometry (OD) program a graduate or doctoral program?
The Doctor of Optometry program is a doctoral / doctorate program.
4) Is optometry a rewarding career?
Yes, Optometry is a rewarding career wherein the Optometrists perform a range of work from eye assessment to diagnosis or treatment of eye-related problems. They help the patients to take care of one of the most important human senses i.e sight.
5) What is the eligibility for BSc Optometry?
You can pursue B.Sc Optometry after completing your 10+2 in Science stream. However, it is recommended that you confirm the specific eligibility at the time of applying.
6) After qualifying optometry courses, what job profiles are available for the candidates?
Job profiles available after qualifying optometry courses include vision consultant, optometry researcher, optometrist, private practitioner, etc.
7) Is an optometrist a doctor?
An optometrist is a primary health care specialist who is trained to assess or examine vision defects, diagnosis and treatment of injury or eye-related problems. On the contrary ophthalmologists are medical eye doctors who have the licence to perform eye surgeries.
8) Why Study BSc Optometry?
Reasons to study B.Sc Optometry is:
After receiving a degree in Optometry, students can become skilled in detecting and treating visions related issues.
B.Sc in Optometry also serves as the basis for pursuing higher education and research work in this field (like M.Sc or PhD).
Students can also start their private individual practice by setting up their own optical shop, lens manufacturing unit or eye clinic. They can also work in government or privately managed organizations/ hospitals.
9) Do optometry have specialities?
Some specialities / sub-specialities of the Optometry field include: vision therapy, ocular disease, neuro optometry, sports vision, paediatrics, trauma, etc
10) What can I do after BSC optometry?
After pursuing B.Sc Optometry, you can go ahead with higher education in this field (like Masters in Optometry followed by research work) or begin your practice as an optometrist. Scopes of jobs in Optometry include private optical shops or eye clinics, vision therapy, sports vision, etc.
11) Is a B.Sc Optometry degree enough to become an eye doctor?
A degree in B.Sc Optometry is not enough to become an eye doctor. A doctorate degree allows one to be addressed as a ‘Doctor’ but it is not categorized as a medical degree. Examples of such doctoral degrees include OD (Doctor of Optometry), PhD, etc. Moreover, if you wish to become a doctor who specializes in eye-related diseases and disorders (known as an ophthalmologist) then you would require an M.D. (a medical degree).
12) Who is an optician?
An optician is a professional who is responsible for filling an eye doctor’s prescription. They perform the following task:
Check prescriptions of lens
Provide and repair glasses, frames, and contact lenses
Help the patients in deciding the type of lenses and frames
Order and check products like contact lenses, eyeglass lenses, etc.
13) What is the difference between an optometrist and an ophthalmologist?
Optometrists are responsible for carrying out eye tests, diagnosing eye-related problems and prescribing glasses to patients. On the other hand, an ophthalmologist is an eye doctor who is licensed to perform eye surgery.
14) How many seats are there under optometry courses?
The number of seats allocated under optometry courses differs across various institutes and you can check the same at the time of applying.
The holy city of Varanasi situated on the banks of the river Ganga is one of the oldest cities in the world.