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OPTOMETRY

The term optometry originates from the Greek words ‘opsis’ and ‘metron’ and it translates to something used to measure. The study of optometry is concerned with practical as well as theoretical knowledge about the human eye. Students opting for optometry courses are taught essential information related to the manufacturing of optical aids like spectacles or contact lenses and the ways to handle the medical equipment required in this health care field. Initially, the field of optometry only revolved around rectifying the errors with the use of spectacles but in today’s time, the curriculum has expanded to diagnosis and management of eye-related defects or disease (such as retinal issues, cataracts, glaucoma, etc). 

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The optometrist is a health care professional who generally provides eye care on a primary level. Their work is concerned with the examination, diagnosis, management, and treatment of various eye-related defects. In today’s time optometrists can also specialize in the field of vision care and some specialization areas in this regard include, geriatric eye, low vision, pediatric eye care, ocular disease, vision rehabilitation, and contact lenses. Therefore, students taking up optometry courses as a part of their higher education are trained to become competent in enabling primary vision and eye care. 

Who is an Ophthalmologist and an Optician? 

An ophthalmologist is a medical doctor who specializes in vision and eye care. The difference between Ophthalmologists, optometrists and opticians lies in their levels of training and the field in which they specialize (for diagnosis and treatment of eye-related problems). On the other hand, opticians are technicians who are trained to verify, design, and fit lenses and frames of eyeglasses, contact lenses used to correct eyesight. 

Program Levels: 

The Study in India partner institutes offers a wide range of optometry courses in two levels, namely - Undergraduate and Postgraduate. The choice of courses depends on students and eligibility set by different institutes. 


1) Undergraduate (UG) 

A bachelor’s degree in optometry discipline is a full-time course with a duration of 3-4 years and the students can pursue it after completing their 10+2 (in Science stream)  

2) Post Graduate (PG) 

A master’s degree in optometry is a full-time course with a duration of 2 years and the students can pursue it after completing their graduation in optometry. 

Please note the eligibility for optometry courses differs across institutes. Therefore, before applying the students can confirm it through the Institute Search page. 

Career Options: 

After obtaining a degree in optometry, students have a few career options to choose including, 


Professor

Optometry Researcher

Optometrist


Frequently Asked Questions: 

1) Is optometry the right career for me?

The work of optometrists ranges from performing comprehensive eye assessment, providing prescriptions for glasses to diagnosis or treatment of eye-related issues. If you wish to start your optical shop/work in one or work in a multinational company providing authentic services and products related to eye care, then you may choose optometry as your career. 

2) Duration of Optometry course? 

The duration of optometry courses depends on different program levels. For undergraduate courses, it is 3-4 years, for post-graduate courses, it is 2 years and for doctorate courses, it ranges from 3-6 years.

3) Is the Doctor of Optometry (OD) program a graduate or doctoral program?

The Doctor of Optometry program is a doctoral / doctorate program. 

4) Is optometry a rewarding career?

Yes, Optometry is a rewarding career wherein the Optometrists perform a range of work from eye assessment to diagnosis or treatment of eye-related problems. They help the patients to take care of one of the most important human senses i.e sight.  

5) What is the eligibility for BSc Optometry? 

You can pursue B.Sc Optometry after completing your 10+2 in Science stream. However, it is recommended that you confirm the specific eligibility at the time of applying.

6) After qualifying optometry courses, what job profiles are available for the candidates?

Job profiles available after qualifying optometry courses include vision consultant, optometry researcher, optometrist, private practitioner, etc. 

7) Is an optometrist a doctor?

An optometrist is a primary health care specialist who is trained to assess or examine vision defects, diagnosis and treatment of injury or eye-related problems. On the contrary ophthalmologists are medical eye doctors who have the licence to perform eye surgeries. 

8) Why Study BSc Optometry?

Reasons to study B.Sc Optometry is: 

  • After receiving a degree in Optometry, students can become skilled in detecting and treating visions related issues. 

  • B.Sc in Optometry also serves as the basis for pursuing higher education and research work in this field (like M.Sc or PhD). 

  • Students can also start their private individual practice by setting up their own optical shop, lens manufacturing unit or eye clinic. They can also work in government or privately managed organizations/ hospitals. 

9) Do optometry have specialities?

Some specialities / sub-specialities of the Optometry field include: vision therapy, ocular disease, neuro optometry, sports vision, paediatrics, trauma, etc

10) What can I do after BSC optometry?

After pursuing B.Sc Optometry, you can go ahead with higher education in this field (like Masters in Optometry followed by research work) or begin your practice as an optometrist. Scopes of jobs in Optometry include private optical shops or eye clinics, vision therapy, sports vision, etc.

11) Is a B.Sc Optometry degree enough to become an eye doctor?

A degree in B.Sc Optometry is not enough to become an eye doctor. A doctorate degree allows one to be addressed as a ‘Doctor’ but it is not categorized as a medical degree. Examples of such doctoral degrees include OD (Doctor of Optometry), PhD, etc. Moreover, if you wish to become a doctor who specializes in eye-related diseases and disorders (known as an ophthalmologist) then you would require an M.D. (a medical degree). 

12) Who is an optician? 

An optician is a professional who is responsible for filling an eye doctor’s prescription. They perform the following task: 

  • Check prescriptions of lens

  • Provide and repair glasses, frames, and contact lenses

  • Help the patients in deciding the type of lenses and frames

  • Order and check products like contact lenses, eyeglass lenses, etc. 

13) What is the difference between an optometrist and an ophthalmologist?

Optometrists are responsible for carrying out eye tests, diagnosing eye-related problems and prescribing glasses to patients. On the other hand, an ophthalmologist is an eye doctor who is licensed to perform eye surgery.

14) How many seats are there under optometry courses? 

The number of seats allocated under optometry courses differs across various institutes and you can check the same at the time of applying. 

Bharati Vidyapeeth (Deemed to be University)

Location: Pune ,Maharashtra
Type: Private
NIRF Ranking: Yes
NAAC Rating:
No.of Seats: 468

Chandigarh University

Location: GREATER MOHALI ,Punjab
Type: Private
NIRF Ranking: Yes
NAAC Rating: 3.28
No.of Seats: 8798

Chitkara University

Location: Rajpura ,Punjab
Type: Private
NIRF Ranking: Yes
NAAC Rating:
No.of Seats: 101

Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences (Deemed to be University)

Location: Wardha ,Maharashtra
Type: Private
NIRF Ranking: Yes
NAAC Rating:
No.of Seats: 478

GITAM (Deemed to be University) - Visakhapatnam, Bengaluru and Hyderabad

Location: Visakhapatnam ,Andhra Pradesh
Type: Private
NIRF Ranking: Yes
NAAC Rating:
No.of Seats: 8598

Hindustan Institute of Technology and Science (HITS)

Location: chennai ,Tamil Nadu
Type: Private
NIRF Ranking: Yes
NAAC Rating: 3.30
No.of Seats: 865

Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology (KIIT)

Location: Bhubaneswar ,Odisha
Type: Private
NIRF Ranking: Yes
NAAC Rating: 3.48
No.of Seats: 19305

Maharishi Markandeshwar (Deemed to be University)

Location: Mullana - Ambala ,Haryana
Type: Private
NIRF Ranking: Yes
NAAC Rating:
No.of Seats: 2112

Shoolini University of Biotechnology and Management Sciences

Location: Solan ,Himachal Pradesh
Type: Private
NIRF Ranking: Yes
NAAC Rating:
No.of Seats: 1512

Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education and Research (Deemed to be University)

Location: Chennai ,Tamil Nadu
Type: Private
NIRF Ranking: Yes
NAAC Rating:
No.of Seats: 275
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