Architecture is a multidisciplinary field concerned with designing buildings or open areas. It also incorporates selection or designing of decorative pieces, furnishings, restoration or remodelling of existing buildings, and supervision of construction work. This discipline is aided by creative, imaginative, artistic as well as problem-solving skills. In a nutshell, a course in architecture is a combination of theoretical and practical learning of planning, designing and constructing a number of physical structures. Generally, students opting for the field of architecture get to learn about urban designing, landscape architecture, and town planning at a broad level. In addition to this, they learn how to precisely draw 3D designs through computer programs as well as hand and the ways to use computer-based design tools....
How Design differs from Architecture?
Design and architecture are often understood as the same but they are not. Design is basically an element of architecture, but it is not architecture. Design is defined as the specifications of constructing an object or system whereas architecture is defined as the process of planning and creating the structure of buildings. In short, architects can be called designers but designers are not necessarily architects.
The Study in India partner institutes offers courses related to architecture in 3 levels, namely - Undergraduate, Postgraduate, and PhD. The choice of the subject within each of these levels depends on students and eligibility set by different institutes.
1) Undergraduate (UG)
A bachelor’s degree in architecture discipline is a full-time course generally with a duration of 5 years and students can pursue it after completing their 10+2 in the science stream.
2) Post-graduate (PG)
A master’s degree in architecture discipline is a full-time course with a duration of 2 years and students can pursue them after completing their undergraduate degree in any architecture-related subject.
PhD is a doctorate level degree and the students can pursue it after their post-graduation in any engineering-related subject.
Please note, the eligibility for various courses under the architecture discipline differs across institutes. Therefore, students should check the eligibility requirements at the time of applying.
Branches of Architecture:
The branches provided by the Study in India partner institutes under the architecture discipline are mentioned in the table below.
Note: Some of the Study in India partner institutes may require scores of one/two additional exams (for architecture courses) such as GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering), SAT I or SAT II, JEE (Main and Advanced) and NATA (National Aptitude Test in Architecture). Therefore, students should check the additional requirements at the time of applying.
However, some of the popular branch choices under architecture include:
Urban architecture is the branch concerned with the planning, shaping, and designing of all the physical features (such as buildings, streets, public spaces, parks, plazas, etc) of performative towns or cities. Students opting for this subject are not only taught how to design various urban environments but they also learn how to deal with the architecture-related problems of urban areas. Therefore, the subject of urban architecture takes elements from various areas like planning, architecture, development, engineering, economics, finance, and law.
Sustainable architecture involves planning and designing such buildings that aim at minimizing the negative impacts on the environment. The branch is concerned with the efficient use of energy and sustainable or recycled materials (like blown-in fibreglass, roman concrete, paper, non-toxic glues, paints, etc). Therefore, the main focus lies in ensuring the sustainability of resources available in present times so that it does not affect the collective well-being of living things in the long run.
Planning under architecture refers to incorporating the requirements of the inhabitants and accordingly ideating the construction specifications. Architectural planners need to ideate plans for various building projects and document all the graphic or written descriptions. Therefore, students opting for planning (as a subject of study) are prepared for developing functional, sustainable, and innovative architectural plans.
Interior Design is one of the most popular and multifaceted branches of architecture discipline which involves the complete planning of the layout of a house, office or any other commercial building. The main focus lies in enhancing the overall aesthetic of any building through site inspections, conceptual development, space planning, research, programming, construction management, and finally execution of the planned design. So, students interested in taking up interior design need to have a sense of visualization and creativity.
After pursuing a degree in architecture discipline the students can choose from a mixed bag of career options and some of them are mentioned in the table below.
Frequently Asked Questions:
1) Define architecture?
Architecture is a discipline concerned with designing buildings or open areas. The scope of this field extends to selection or designing of decorative pieces, furnishings, restoration or remodelling of existing buildings, and supervision of construction work as well.
2) What is the difference between a B.Arch and an M.Arch?
B. Arch or Bachelors of Architecture is a 5-year graduation degree whereas M.Arch or Master’s of Architecture is a 2-year master’s degree.
3) If I am not sure about pursuing an architecture course, what advice would you give?
Every student has a different interest area and to cater to the same, Indian institutes provide a diverse range of courses. If you want to explore the study of designing or planning the construction of buildings/ living spaces (such as design elements, structural elements, aesthetics, and much more) then you can go ahead with architecture courses.
4) Is Architecture a constantly evolving field?
Yes, architecture is a constantly evolving field that requires one to be socially aware and responsible at the same time. With new technology, construction material, practices coming up, architects need to be always on their toes to address the demands of the environment and the public at large (building strength, energy consumption, incorporating sustainable materials, etc.).
5) How do I know if architecture is right for me?
If you have a good imagination or visualization skills and are interested in studying the technical aspects of building structures, right from its aesthetic elements to planning the design, then architecture might be the right field for you.
6) What do Architects do?
The main work of architects is to plan, design or create buildings or other structures that are not only sustainable, safe but they must suit the needs of the people who would use them. They are involved in all the stages of a construction project, right from the initial discussion with the clients to the final delivery of the completed structure. Lastly, architects require specific skills such as designing, managing, supervising, communication, etc.
7) What career options are in the field of architecture?
After pursuing a degree in B.Arch students choose from the following career options:
Interior and Spatial Designer
8) What skills should architects possess?
Architects should possess technical and human skills including,
Programming and knowledge of specialised software like CAD etc
Basic computer skills
Preparing drawings, models and process charts.
Preparing financial estimates, budgets and costing.
Methods of construction.
Ability to work in a team
Leading and supervising
9) How can I get a job in the Architecture field?
To get entry-level jobs in the architecture field (such as Project Designer, Lead Designer, Lead Designer, etc), you should at least have a bachelor’s degree (B.Arch). After completing the bachelors you can also go ahead and pursue masters followed by PhD in this field
10) What challenges does an Architect face?
Some of the common challenges that architects often face are budget constraints, consideration of deadlines, communication gap/issues and designing as well.
11) What is the fee structure of Architecture courses?
The fee structure of Architecture courses varies across various Study in India partner institutes. However, you are advised to check the same at the time of applying.
12) Do I need to take an additional exam to enrol in an Architectural program?
Some of the Study in India partner institutes may require additional exams as a part of the eligibility such as SAT I, SAT II, GATE, NATA or IELTS. However, you are recommended to check the specific eligibility at the time of applying.
13) Difference between Urban Planning and Sustainable Planning?
Urban planning refers to the utilizing of a piece of land to design and develop an urban environment such as air, water and transport networks, etc. It involves research and analysis, strategic thinking, urban design, public consultation, implementation and management. Whereas, Sustainable planning refers to designs that incorporate environmental, social and economical sustainability elements and focus on the requirement of occupants as well.
14) Which course is better for architecture and fashion designing?
Both the courses architecture and fashion designing are fine in their respective areas wherein they are related to each other but not connected. It totally depends on your interest when it comes to choosing between architecture and fashion designing. If you are interested in planning, design and construction of buildings then go with architecture whereas, if you are interested in creating designs of clothes or other lifestyle accessories then go ahead with fashion designing.
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