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AGRICULTURE

The term agriculture is taken from the Latin two ‘ager’ and ‘cultura’  that translates to ‘field’ and ‘growing’ respectively. Therefore, it is defined as the process of producing commodities (like fibre, food, forest products, etc) that maintain life. Food is one of the most basic needs of human beings. In order to make sure this requirement was fulfilled cultivation of plants and animals began thousands of years ago. So, agriculture or agricultural science is a discipline primarily concerned with the understanding of various practices of cultivating livestock and plants.

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It encompasses the study of soil cultivation techniques, crop harvesting, animal husbandry and processing of plant or animal products to make them consumable. Also, students opting for agriculture courses learn about farm management, horticulture, agricultural machinery and research for quality improvement of farm products.  

Program Levels: 

The Study in India partner institutes offers courses related to agriculture in 3 levels, namely - Undergraduate, Postgraduate, and PhD. The choice of the subject within each of these levels depends on students and eligibility set by different institutes. 


1) Undergraduate (UG) 

A bachelor’s degree in agriculture discipline is a full-time course with a duration of 3-4 years and students can pursue it after completing their 10+2. 

2) Post-graduate (PG)

A master’s degree in agriculture discipline is a full-time course with a duration of 2 years and students can pursue them after completing their undergraduate degree in an agriculture-related subject.

3) PhD 

PhD is a doctorate level degree and the students can pursue it after their post-graduation. 

Please note, the eligibility for various courses under the agriculture (or related) discipline differs across institutes. Therefore, students should check the eligibility requirements at the time of applying.

Branches of Agriculture: 

The branches provided by various institutes under the agriculture discipline are mentioned in the table below. 

Agronomy 

Horticulture

Plant Breeding and Genetics 

Seed Science

Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry 

Plant Pathology 

Crop-Physiology

Entomology

Floriculture and Landscaping

Agriculture Biotechnology 

Agriculture Engineering

Agriculture Economics 

Agroforestry

Animal Husbandry 

Environmental Sciences

Food Science and Technology 

Agronomy 

Poultry Farming 


 However, some of the popular branch choices under the agriculture discipline are:

  1. Soil Science

The branch of soil science holds a significant place because it is directly related to nutrient supply and plant growth. The study of soil science is concerned with the use of soil and its management, classification of soil, and the properties of soil fertility. Apart from this students are taught a wide range of topics such as soil chemistry, soil biology, soil mineralogy, soil genesis and classification, soil physics, soil fertility, soil salinity, soil survey, soil conservation, and soil microbiology.

  1. Plant Breeding and Genetics 

Plant breeding and genetics involve the study of modifying or traits of the plants to produce required characteristics. This branch is useful in producing crop varieties that have improved and unique traits related to biomass yield, biotic/abiotic stress tolerance, taste, ease of processing  (like baking, milling, malting, blending, etc), and the concentration of specific biological molecules (like proteins, vitamins, sugars or fibres). 

  1. Plant Pathology 

Plant Pathology is the study of diseases caused by pathogens (such as fungi, viruses, protozoa, etc) or environmental conditions in plants. In addition to all this, it is also concerned with the study of identifying pathogens, the cycle of plant diseases, the impact of plant diseases on humans/animals, and the management or treatment of plant diseases. 

  1. Agroforestry

Agroforestry implies the interaction between trees and agricultural practices. This agriculture covers a wide range of fields such as farming in forests, growing trees on farms or other agricultural landscapes, and tree-cropping (such as coffee, rubber, cocoa, and oil palm). The concept of agroforestry is used in the production of trees for timber or other commercial purposes and to ensure the protection of the environment. 

  1. Agronomy 

Agronomy is the branch of agriculture that deals with the cultivation of food, fibre, forage, crops, sugar, oilseeds, etc. So, the main focus of this branch revolves around improving cropping techniques and food production. Agricultural practices such as organic farming,  poly-house farming, aquaponics, permaculture, weed sciences, etc, are included under agronomy. Furthermore, people working in the field of agronomy are known as agronomists. 

  1. Horticulture

The term horticulture originated from two Latin words, ‘hortus’ and ‘cultura’  which means ‘garden’ and ‘cultivation’ respectively. It is an interesting branch of agriculture that is concerned with plant cultivation (like flowers, fruits, vegetables, herbs, or nuts) in gardens. Moreover, horticulture also includes the practice of soil management, plant conservation, garden or landscape design, and arboriculture. 

Career Options: 

Some of the popular career options that students can take up after obtaining a degree in agriculture discipline are mentioned in the table below.

Agriculture Scientist

Farm Manager

Soil and Plant Scientist

Conservation Planner

Commercial Horticulturist

Agricultural Salesperson

Food Researcher 

Crop Specialist 

Agronomist 

Aquatic Ecologist

Soil Surveyor

Plant Geneticist

Forester

Agriculture Officer

Arborist


Frequently Asked Questions: 

1) What is the importance of Agriculture?

Contrary to popular belief, agriculture is not only limited to the production of crops but also involves the processing and distribution of produced materials. It is important due to following reasons: 

  • It provides food to human beings and animals

  • This field ensure food security

  • It is the source of livelihood for many people around the world

  • Source of raw materials for many products 

  • Ensures economic development as well

2) Which are the branches under the Agriculture discipline?

The popular branches of Agriculture include Agronomy, Agroforestry, Horticulture, Floriculture, Soil Science, Plant Breeding and Genetics, Plant Pathology, Agroforestry, Environmental Science, Poultry Farming, etc. 

3) Which are the popular job profiles in Agriculture?

Popular job profiles in the Agriculture field are agricultural scientist, farm manager, soil and plant scientist, crop specialist, food researcher, soil surveyor, arborist, plant geneticist, agriculture scientist, agronomist, forester, etc. 

4) Do Agriculture Courses have a scope in the future?

The field of agriculture is one of the growing sectors of the economy and is becoming more technology-oriented and modern. Therefore, pursuing higher education in agriculture courses opens up a world of possibilities and there is a huge range of job opportunities present in both private and government organizations. Career options in the field of agriculture include agricultural scientist, farm manager, soil and plant scientist, food researcher, soil surveyor, arborist, plant geneticist, agriculture scientist, agronomist, etc

5) What subjects are taught under the Agriculture course?

The subjects and syllabus of agriculture courses differ across institutes. But, in general, the agriculture courses cover fields like agronomy, plant breeding, soil science, entomology, farm machinery, irrigation and drainage engineering, daily and food engineering, etc. 

6) What are the skills required to have a good career in Agriculture?

The set of skills required to pursue a career in agriculture is technical skills, problem-solving skills, eye for detail, patience and tenacity, analytical skills, etc. 

7) Can a Commerce student pursue a course in Agriculture?

No, to pursue a course in Agriculture, the students must have completed their 10+2 in the Science stream. 

8) What is the eligibility criteria for pursuing agricultural courses?

The eligibility criteria for pursuing agricultural courses differs across various Indian institutes. For undergraduate courses, it is 10+2 (in Science stream), for pursuing a postgraduate degree, it is a bachelor's degree and for a PhD degree, you must have completed your masters. However, you are advised to check the specific eligibility criteria for different agricultural courses at the time of applying.

9) What is the duration of Agriculture courses? 

The duration of popular agricultural courses depends on different program levels. For undergraduate courses, it is 3-4 years, for post-graduate courses, it is 2 years and for doctorate courses, it ranges from 3-6 years.

10) What is the eligibility to pursue post-graduation in Agriculture? 

If you want to pursue a PG course in agriculture then the eligibility for the same is UG (in agriculture). However, the eligibility criteria differ across different institutes. We recommend you check and confirm the same at the time of applying. 

11) What are the skills required to do well in the agriculture field?

You will need the following skills if you choose to take a job in the agriculture field:  

  • Technical skills include knowledge of various agro-technology such as irrigation, use of pesticide, improving methods and techniques of cultivation, the process of harvesting, storage and transport. 

  • After completing higher education in the agriculture field, you should have analytical skills to interpret the issues (like addressing consumer demands, adapting to changing nature of weather, etc) and provide needed solutions.

  • Organizational and management skills to ensure transportation of raw materials, storage and delivery from the producer to the wholesaler.

12) Reasons to study Agriculture?

Some of the reasons to opt for agriculture courses are: 

  • A degree in Agriculture courses offers knowledge and management of plant cultivation. 

  • There are many good job opportunities in the agriculture field. 

13) What are the steps involved in agriculture? 

The process of farming involves a set of steps called the crop lifecycle and they are: crop selection, preparing of land, seed selection, sowing, manure and application of fertilizer, irrigation, management of pests and diseases, harvesting and sale of the production. 

14) What are 4 specialization areas under agriculture? 

The 4 specialization areas included under agriculture are: 

Seed Technology: Concerned with the study of improving genetic and physical characteristics of the seed. It involves activities such as seed production, seed processing and seed storage.

Food Processing: Involves the study of different food processing procedures, machinery units involved in food production, etc.

Organic Farming: Involves the study of farming practices done without the use of any fertilizers and pesticides.

Animal Husbandry: Field of agriculture concerned with animal rearing for meat, fibre, milk, or other products. It includes selective breeding, livestock raising and day-to-day care of the animals.

15) Do I need to fill up a separate application for fee waivers? 

No, you do not need to fill a separate application for fee waivers. Once you successfully fill the Study in India application you will be considered for the same. 

Study in India Partner Institute for AGRICULTURE COURSES.

No. of Institute :

Bharathiar University,

Location: Coimbatore ,Tamil Nadu
Type: Public
NIRF Ranking: Yes
NAAC Rating: 3.11
No.of Seats: 249

LOVELY PROFESSIONAL UNIVERSITY

Location: Phagwara ,Punjab
Type: Private
NIRF Ranking: Yes
NAAC Rating:
No.of Seats: 72959

Shoolini University of Biotechnology and Management Sciences

Location: Solan ,Himachal Pradesh
Type: Private
NIRF Ranking: Yes
NAAC Rating:
No.of Seats: 1512

Uttaranchal University

Location: Dehradun ,Uttarakhand
Type: Private
NIRF Ranking: NO
NAAC Rating: 3.30
No.of Seats: 1601

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